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Leprosy


Leprosy

Leprosy

What is leprosy?

Leprosy is an infectious disease that often occurs in tropical areas but is very contagious. People who are in close contact with patients for many years will be infected. The symptoms of leprosy appear slowly, initially invading the nerves and skin, which lasts for many months or even years. 

Types of leprosy

Leprosy can be divided into two categories:

1)    Benign and
2)    Malignant
Benign leprosy is likely to be non-infectious; malignant leprosy is highly destructive and can be transmitted to others. If left untreated, the condition will gradually deteriorate and continue for many years. However, if it is to be cured, it will take three or more years.

How is leprosy transmitted?

The infection spreads from person to person by nasal secretions or droplets. Infectious disease seldom spreads from chimpanzees, Old World monkeys, and nine-banded armadillos to humans by droplets or direct contact.
The route of transmission has not been definitively established, though human-to-human aerosol unfold of nasal secretions is assumed to be the foremost possible mode of transmission in most cases. Infectious disease isn't unfolded by bit, since the mycobacterium is incapable of crossing intact skin.
Living close to individuals with infectious disease is related to multiply transmission. Among ménage contacts, the relative risk for infectious disease is multiplied 8- to 10-fold in multibacillary and 2- to 4-fold in paucibacillary forms. Animal reservoirs do exist (armadillos, bound dehumanized primates), and cases of suspected animal disease transmission are rumored.

Leprosy symptom

·         There are colorless plaques on the surface of the skin, and the center of the plaque may be numb, and there is no feeling of hot and cold touch. The block area can be as wide as two feet to the palm of your hand.
·         Most of the nerves in each part are invaded, slowly losing feeling, paralysis and deformation, and the ears, hands, feet, nose and other parts are particularly susceptible.

Leprosy cause

·         Skin and nerves are infected with leprosy.
·         Caused by long-term skin contact directly with the patient.

Leprosy treatment

·         The doctor will give the patient a drug, usually an oral drug. During treatment, it is usually not necessary to stay in hospital.
·         If the patient's condition deteriorates and serious deformities and damage occur, special surgery may be required.

Leprosy prevention

·         Improve nutrient, living and sanitation, and help prevent leprosy infection.
·         If an adult only contacts the patient occasionally, it is rarely contagious, so no special precautions are needed.
·         If young children are often in contact with patients, they should receive immunization measures.

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