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Nasopharyngeal Cancer


Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Nasopharyngeal Cancer
Nasopharyngeal cancer is a severe disease in which malignant (cancer) cells shape in the tissues of the nasopharynx. The location of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is in the nasopharynx, which is just behind the nasal cavity, above the throat, below the brain. Signals of nasopharyngeal cancer include inconvenience breathing, speaking, or hearing.
Nasopharyngeal Cancer Symptoms
·         Long-term nasal congestion, bleeding in the nose and mouth, bleeding in the nose or cough, coughing is dark red or with blood clots.
·         Below the earlobe, there are unexplained neck tumors on both sides of the upper neck, which are not painful or itchy, but have not been swollen for more than three weeks.
·         There are tinnitus or earache, and even the sound of water in the ear, but the patient itself has no cold or sinusitis.
·         Unexplained half of the headache.
·         Eyelids drooping, difficulty swallowing, hoarse voice.
Nasopharyngeal Cancer Causes
The actual causes of nasopharyngeal cancer are still not clear, but a great opportunity to be caused by the following factors:
·         Racial factors: Relatively speaking, Chinese people are more likely to get nasopharyngeal cancer than other races. However, a new generation of Chinese born in foreign countries has a lower chance of developing nasopharyngeal cancer than their parents.
·         Genetic factors: If the family has had cases of nasopharyngeal cancer, the nasopharyngeal cancer itself is 6 to 10 times that of others.
·         Eating habits: Eat pickled products, fermented products, regular smokers, drinkers, etc.; the chance of suffering from nasopharyngeal cancer is higher.
·         Environmental factors: Working in a confined space that is not in circulation or in an environment with air pollution may be more susceptible to nasopharyngeal cancer.
·         Disease factors: Patients with a history of sinusitis have more than 5 times the rate of nasopharyngeal cancer, which may be caused by long-term stimulation of the nasopharynx epidermis. Therefore, patients with sinusitis should be treated as soon as possible. Epstein-Barr virus has become an important role in the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Nasopharyngeal Cancer Treatment Therapy
Therapy is based on radiation therapy. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells have excellent effects on radiation therapy. If found early, the cure rate can reach over 90%, but if it is the terminal patient, the cure rate is only 20%. However, it is more difficult and unbearable to pay attention to the patient's initial radiotherapy.
·         Symptoms such as nausea, vomitingdizziness, and burnout usually occur in the first few days of radiation therapy, and will be improved later.
·         About a week after the start of radiation therapy, the oral mucosa will have symptoms of inflammation such as redness and burning. These symptoms will gradually increase with the progress of radiation therapy, and even lead to extensive oral ulcers, which may cause pain to the patient. Special care and help from family members and their families are needed.
·         Simultaneous chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with advanced disease can increase the cure rate. However, the complications of radiotherapy and chemotherapy are also large. It is likely to dry mouth, loss of taste, redness, blackness, peeling, vomiting, hair loss, etc.
·         Patients who receive radiation therapy should receive regular follow-up examinations for life to avoid recurrence or distant metastasis. Generally speaking, the first two years after radiotherapy, once every two months, the third and fourth years, every three or four months, after the fifth year, you can follow up once every six months.
Nasopharyngeal Cancer Prevention
·         Pay attention to the daily eating habits and try to eat less salted products and fermented products.
·         Avoid smoking and drinking.
·         Reduce work in tight air or air pollution.
·         Sinusitis should be treated as soon as possible to reduce the chance of causing nasopharyngeal cancer.

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