Live Healthy Life

What is a Supplement?

What is a Supplement?

Nutritional Supplements                                 

Supplements are English, meaning "something to supplement" or "something to add." In Japan, it is called “nutritional supplement” or “health food” and supplements certain nutrients. Although it is shaped like a medicine, it is only a “food” and is naturally present in nature, so it has few side effects.
Do you know what nutrients we need to do various activities in our lives, to keep our bodies healthy and to metabolize them?
There are about 40 kinds of nutrients necessary for our bodies.

They are divided into five major nutrients:

1)   Carbohydrates,
2)   Proteins
3)   Lipids 
4)   Micronutrients of vitamins and
5)   Minerals In recent years
6)   Dietary fiber
Has also been added, and it has been called the sixth nutrient.
In our modern life, the lack of the three major nutrients is unlikely unless you are on an extreme diet.
For example, milk in the toast in the morning, fried potatoes in the hamburger at noon, roasted meat in the evening, and a dessert cake as a bonus.
However, vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber are not enough from these diets. Moreover, it has been lost a lot during the cooking process.
In addition, it is consumed in large quantities due to daily stress, drinking and smoking, and environmental deterioration.
So supplements are the means of supplementing vitamins and minerals.

Vitamin Supplements

That doesn't mean that you should just take a lot of supplements. Vitamins and minerals are often referred to as “minor” nutrients and can easily be deficient or excessive. In particular, the proper amount of minerals is quite narrow, so if you drink it unnecessarily, it may be bad for your body.
Some of the nutrients are related to each other, while others are disturbing. In order to take supplements effectively, it is important to know the relationship between them and to take the recommended amount.
Some supplements are natural ingredients extracted from food, others are chemically synthesized, and even though they are commonly called "health foods", they can be called safe without side effects. There is none. It goes without saying that the nutrients you need are best taken directly from the right diet.

Various Supplements

   Supplement additives
   Type of additive
   Good or bad additive
What is a reliable supplement?

Utilization of supplements

   About constipation
   About high cholesterol
   About overweight
   About rough skin

Effect of supplements

   Vitamin C
   Vitamin E

Supplement additives

Do you know what supplements are made of?

Since vitamins and minerals alone do not form, various additives are required.

Some may contain dozens of times the amount of vitamins and minerals.
So you need to know what the additive is.

If it is in the form of a tablet, a binder is used to harden the material. Also, in order to form a tablet, the material is poured into a mold and molded, so filler that increases the volume is necessary to ensure that it fits in the mold.
In addition, we use a so-called lubricant (anti-caking agent) because it will be a problem if the material sticks to the mold and cannot be separated.
Finally, a coating agent (brightening agent) is used to protect the tablet from moisture and make it easier to swallow.
In addition to these, some use preservatives to maintain quality, and some use colorants to improve the appearance.
Chewable type supplements that are chewed and eaten use a lot of sweeteners because they must taste good.
So what should you keep in mind when choosing supplements with additives?

The guidelines are as follows

1.    Avoid “chemically synthesized products” as much as possible.
2.    Be careful with things that are natural but not food (such as rocks and shells)
3.    Even if food is refined and extracted also careful attention to too take things that are also widely used in.
4.    Other processed foods avoid
5.    Chewable type
6.    Pay attention to expressions that are preferred by the image such as diet sweeteners.
7.      Choose conscientious manufacturers that disclose necessary information to consumers

Type of additive

1.    Excipients = Binders / Fillers the
Powdery material is made sticky and functions as a unit. Commonly used are cellulose, lecithin, sorbitol, etc.
In Japan, it is sometimes classified as an emulsifier or thickener.
Cellulose: Dietary fiber contained in plant cell walls. Since humans do not have enzymes that digest this fiber, they cannot digest it. Because it is an indigestible dietary fiber, it does not harm humans.
Lecithin: Phospholipids derived from rapeseed, soybean seed or egg yolk.
It is also used in bread, biscuits, cakes, chocolate, ice cream, etc. as an emulsifier that blends fat with moisture and keeps the fat from separating.
Lecithin is not a problem because it is one of the nutrients. However, in Japanese food labeling, the emulsifier should be labeled as “emulsifier” only. Because the emulsifier is not only lecithin, you may not know what is used as an emulsifier.
Sucrose fatty acid ester: Synthetic additive. There are reports of absorption disorders and diarrhea in animal experiments. Pregnant people should refrain from suspicion of teratogenicity.
The fear of carcinogenesis has also been pointed out.

Sorbitol: An ingredient isolated from rowan berries, which is now chemically synthesized from glucose. One of the sugar alcohols.
Because it has 60% sweetness of sugar, it is also used as artificial sweetener.

If you take a large amount at once (more than 50g per day), you may get diarrhea. From the viewpoint that it is better not to put synthetic substances into the body as much as possible, it is not preferable because it is a synthetic substance that is absorbed by the body.
Acacia (Arabic is mu): It is obtained by drying the sap from the trunk and branches of the leguminous plant Arabidopsis.
Although it is a natural sap, there are reports that some people have had an allergic reaction.
2.    Lubricant (anti-caking agent)
A substance that smoothes the material so that it can be taken out without sticking to the mold when molding tablets.
Fatty acids: Obtained from animal or vegetable oils and fats, such as beef tallow, coconut oil and fish oil. Fat itself has high calorie content, but considering the amount used in the supplement, there is no particular problem.
Magnesium carbonate: Manufactured by adding magnesium carbonate solution to magnesium sulfate solution. Naturally obtained from rocks (magnesite, dolomite). This magnesium itself is hardly absorbed by the body, so toxicity is not considered a problem. Just taking too much can cause diarrhea.
Silicon dioxide: Originally obtained from diatomaceous earth.
There is no problem because it is not absorbed into the body.
If it is dangerous, inhalation for a long time when handling with powder may cause lung
dysfunction, but as long as it is used in tablets, there is no such concern…..
Part One
To be continued