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World Awareness Day against Blood Disease Thalassemia

World Awareness Day against Blood Disease Thalassemia

World Awareness Day against Blood Disease Thalassemia

Today, World Awareness Day is being celebrated against thalassemia, a worldwide blood disease, including in Pakistan. According to the Pakistan Thalassemia Center, 5,000 babies are born every year in Pakistan who suffer from thalassemia.
Blood malignant thalassemia is a hereditary disease that parents receive from children. The disease is a symptom of blood cell fatigue, which causes the blood to stop. Thalassemia patients need frequent bleeding.
There are genetically two major types of thalassemia, called alpha thalassemia and son thalassemia. Normal human hemoglobin has two alpha and two son chains. Globulin is responsible for both gene genes on chromosome number 16, while the single gene responsible for the beta chain is HBB chromosome number 11.
In alpha thalassemia patients, the alpha chain of hemoglobin decreases, whereas in son thalassemia patients the hemoglobin beta chain is reduced. This is how anemia decreases.
There are three types of thalassemia depending on the severity of the disease? The most severe type is thalassemia major and the lowest type is thalassemia minor. The medium-intensity type is called thalassemia intermedia.
One type of thalassemia can never be transformed into another type of thalassemia, that is, alpha thalassemia can never be transformed into son thalassemia, nor can a son ever be in alpha. Similarly, Thalassemia Minor can never become Thalassemia Major, nor can Major become Minor. Similarly, the severity of the disease may not increase or decrease.

Thalassemia major

Someone may have thalassemia major only if their parents have some kind of thalassemia. Blood is so low in thalassemia major patients that they may need to take a blood bottle every two to four weeks. Such babies suffer from anemia within a few months after birth, and the rest of their lives are in need of a blood bank.
These children with weak and sick faces are lagging behind in both sports and education and lose their self-esteem due to the lack of a proper place in society. Frequent bleeding costs and hospitalizations make parents extremely economical, which leads to the death of these children due to inappropriate treatment. 
Despite the best treatment in developed countries, these patients can survive for 30 to 40 years. In Pakistan, such patients are about ten years old. If such adult patients marry a normal human then their children must have thalassemia minor.

Thalassemia Minor

Thalassemia Minor does not cause any problem or complaint to the patient nor does it have any significant effect on life. The absence of symptoms and symptoms can be diagnosed only by laboratory tests.
Such people live normal lives, but they can pass thalassemia to their children. Most people with thalassemia minor are unaware of their gene defects and are physically, mentally, and sexually similar to normal people and age as normal humans.

What is the cause of thalassemia?

According to medical experts, weddings in the family are the leading cause of the disease. In addition, if two people are married to one with thalassemia minor cells, their unborn child may suffer from thalassemia major.
According to medical experts, a minor prenatal blood test can prevent future generations from this deadly disease. In Sindh province, there is a pre-marital test bill but it is not implemented.
According to a cautious estimate, more than 1 million children are suffering from thalassemia in Pakistan, while the number of children born with thalassemia is increasing every year by 15,000.
Individuals and children with this disease are tired and unstable compared to others. Thalassemia causes yellowing of their skin, while they may also have bone marrow diseases.
Women with Thalassemia Minor may have anemia when pregnant.

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